A bony enlargement that occurs on the back of the heel is known as Haglund’s Deformity. As this bony enlargement rubs against shoes, irritation of the soft tissue located near the Achilles tendon becomes inevitable. This then leads to an inflammation of the bursa, also known as a fluid-filled sac found in between the tendon and the bone.
What is Haglund’s Deformity?
Haglund’s deformity is a condition that is associated with soft tissues and the foot bone. When the bony section of your heel is enlarged due to other factors, this condition is triggered. When one wears rigid shoes and the bony lump rubs against them, the soft tissues around the ankle get irritated. This mostly leads to bursitis. There is a fluid-filled sack between each bone and tendon which helps to absorb shock. Bursitis is a condition that follows the inflammation of these sacks.
Calcium may build up in the heel bone if it becomes inflamed. This accumulation increases the size of the bump and pain.
Haglund’s deformity is most prevalent among people who wear closed-heel and stiff shoes.
Causes of Haglund’s Deformity
Frequent pressure at the back of your heel is the most common cause of this deformity. Tight and stiff shoes may also cause this condition. Since it is common among ladies who wear pump-style high heeled shoes, it may also be called ‘pump bump.’
People who have a high arch, tight Achilles tendon, or those who walk on the outside of their heel are also prone to this condition.
Heredity also plays a role in getting this deformity. The undesirable features that are inherited include:
- High-arched feet.
- Tight Achilles tendons.
- Walking on the outer part of your heel.
Symptoms of Haglund’s Deformity
This deformity can either occur in one or both feet. Its symptoms may include:
- Redness around the affected tissue.
- Swelling on the back side of the heel.
- A bump that is noticeable behind the heel.
- Pain on the area where the heel and Achilles tendon attach.
To help prevent a recurrence of Haglund’s Deformity:
- wear appropriate shoes and avoid shoes which are rigid at the back.
- Use orthotics and arch supports.
- Do stretching exercises and avoid activity on hard surfaces or up-hill running.
- Contact us on 03 9077 5915 for further assessment and treatment.